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Comparative Studies | Physiotherapy | India | Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023
Effect of Kaltenborn Traction versus Mulligan Mobilization with Movement as an adjunct to Conventional Exercise on Pain and Functions in Knee Osteoarthritis
Dr. Krupa Kataria | Dr. Sweta Shah
Abstract: Aim: To compare effect of Kaltenborn Traction and Mulligan Mobilization with Movement (Mulligan MWM) along with Conventional Exercise on Pain and Functions in Knee Osteo Arthritis (OA) Patients. Design: A Randomized controlled Study. Methods: 60 knee OA patients diagnosed and fulfilling inclusion/exclusion criteria were randomly allocated into two groups (A and B), where Group A (n=30) received Kaltenborn Traction and Conventional Exercise, where Group B (n=30) received Mulligan MWM and Conventional Exercise. Both groups received 3 sessions on alternate days for a week. Patients Outcome Measures Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) for pain intensity and Modified Short-Form THE Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (Modified Short-Form WOMAC) for symptoms and functions, were taken before and at the end of 3 sessions of intervention/treatment. Results: Both the groups showed improvement in NPRS and Modified Short-Form WOMAC at end of 3 sessions. In Group A, NPRS score pain significantly reduced (p<0.0001) and Modified Short-Form WOMAC score also improved (p<0.0001). In Group B, NPRS score pain significantly reduced (p<0.0001) and Modified Short-Form WOMAC score also improved (0.0001). There was no statistical difference between both the groups on NPRS score (p=0.331) and Modified Short-Form WOMAC score (p=0.147) which is (p>0.05). Conclusion: Both Kaltenborn Traction and Mulligan MWM along with Conventional Exercise are equally effective and any of them can be used to treat knee OA patients to reduce pain and improve function.
Keywords: Physiotherapy for Knee OA, Manual therapy, conservative management for knee OA, exercise therapy, knee OA, Pain management, Musculoskeletal pain
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023,
Pages: 1178 - 1182