International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Medicine | India | Volume 11 Issue 11, November 2022

Clinical Profile of Cases Admitted with Rat Killer Paste Poisoning in a Government Tertiary Care Hospital - A Cross Sectional Study

Rajvijay R | Vennila S | Kavitha B [3]

Abstract: Background: Across the country, rodenticide toxicity is not as common. The death rates also vary significantly. This study was done to evaluate the clinical profile of patients who were hospitalised after swallowing rat poison paste. This was done because of the mortality and morbidity caused by rodenticides. Methods: A cross-sectional investigation was carried out among the cases with suspected histories of rat killer paste poisoning in the Department of General Medicine at Thanjavur Medical College and Hospital between October 2019 and August 2020. The study consisted of 80 patients in total. All cases' clinical profiles and outcomes were evaluated. Using SPSS, all data were entered and analysed. Results: 52.5% cases had toxic hepatitis, 33.8% cases had toxic myocarditis with overall mortality of 20%.Significant association was noted between toxic hepatitis and amount of rat poison consumed, the amount of time it took a patient to arrive at the hospital after ingesting rat poison paste, INR levels, and the presence of hepatic encephalopathy. Age and the amount of time it took a victim to arrive at the hospital after ingesting rat poison paste poison were related to mortality. Conclusion: Among the victims who ingested rat killer paste poison, mortality and morbidities were strikingly high, particularly due to toxic hepatitis and toxic myocarditis. It is possible to forbid the use of phosphorous in rat poison paste in order to reduce mortality and morbidities.

Keywords: Toxic myocarditis, toxic hepatitis, rat killer paste poisoning, mortality

Edition: Volume 11 Issue 11, November 2022,

Pages: 10 - 14

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