International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

Downloads: 130 | Views: 163

Case Studies | Medicine Science | India | Volume 2 Issue 4, April 2013

Pulmonary Complications in Falciparum Malaria

Manish B. Patel | Wasimahmed Sachora | Chirag Saparia

Abstract: Malaria is a treatable cause of acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Due to variation in clinical presentation, pulmonary manifestations in malaria have always been under diagnosed. A total 95 patients with severe falciparum malaria were included in this study. The diagnosis of malaria was confirmed by examination of peripheral smear / OptiMal test/ QBC. Arterial blood gas analysis was done in patients who developed respiratory symptom. It was observed that out of 41 patients showing respiratory symptoms ARDS was present 8 ( (8.42 %) no. of cases, Acute lung injury in 4 (4.21 %) cases and Pneumonia in 4 (4.21 %) cases. ARDS was more common in patients with heavy parasitemia (75 % with >20 % parasitemia), hypoalbuminemia (75 %) and anemia (62.5 %). All patients with respiratory distress were given ventilator support. Patients with ARDS showed a high mortality rate of 75 %. ARDS in malaria have a poor disease outcome. Early diagnosis, institution specific antimalarial treatment and assisted ventilation can be life-saving.

Keywords: Malaria, falciparum, pulmonary, ARDS, ALI

Edition: Volume 2 Issue 4, April 2013,

Pages: 544 - 547

How to Download this Article?

Type Your Email Address below to Receive the Article PDF Link

Verification Code will appear in 2 Seconds ... Wait