International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

Downloads: 99 | Views: 183

Research Paper | Management | Sri Lanka | Volume 8 Issue 9, September 2019 | Rating: 6.8 / 10

Understanding Gender and Womens Positioning in Organisations - A Literature Review

Hemamalie Gunatilaka [2]

Abstract: Gender being a social construction, women and men world over are subject to the effects of what the society expects from them. Currently around the globe women are entering the labour force much more than the past but it is evident that women are mostly the majority at the lower organizational levels. In contrast the top of the organizational hierarchy is governed by the men and this is true for the developed world as well as for the global south. This tendency on male domination in organisations is a result of a system of stratifying men and women differently and structuring personal and work lives of either gender. Thus women’s work lives are affected due to the effects of gender and they are positioned in the lower rungs of organisations. As discussed in literature cumulative disadvantage of blocked opportunities causes women’s under representation at higher ranks. Adding to the same women managers experience challenges not faced by their male counterparts because of the dominant masculinist ethos of corporate management culture that privileges men. Thus the effects of gender as a social construction to a greater extent decides where women are positioned in organizational hierarchies.

Keywords: Gender, Social Construction, Women, Under-representation, Organisations

Edition: Volume 8 Issue 9, September 2019,

Pages: 889 - 892

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