International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

Downloads: 114 | Views: 160

Research Paper | Radiological Sciences | India | Volume 8 Issue 9, September 2019

Role of Imaging in Aortic Aneurysm with Rupture

Dr Jayaram Paruvada | Dr Sugguna Maheeja

Abstract: OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the role of imaging in a patient presenting with acute chest & abdomen pain, unimpressive back pain who are heamodynamically unstable to ensure early diagnosis & treatment. Materials & Methods: All patients who came to Department of Radio diagnosis with chief complaints of severe abdominal pain, fever, vomitings, hypotension and pulsatile abdominal mass etc & positive blood cultures, clinical signs of infection (leukocytosis, fever, an elevated C-reactive protein [CRP] concentration), and radiologic findings typical of AA. Ultrasound is the initial imaging modality of choice, as it is not associated with radiation hazards encountered wt x-rays/CT. CECT is the main diagnostic modality to detect aneurysms. MRI used in some cases. Graft infection and aorto-enteric fistulas were excluded. Results: • 10 cases presented with severe abdominal pain. CECT showing multi lobulated saccular outpouching from abdominal aorta with with adjacent retroperitoneal para-aortic collection with air pockets. Contrast shows extravastion of contrast from the saccular aneurysm into retroperitoneal collection with hematoma. • 35 year male patient, IV drug abuser Patient present with acute abdominal pain. CT shows ascending aorta dilatation (5cm) with saccular outpouching. • 52y old male patient, post CABG incidentally identified ascending & arch of aorta dilatation with partial eccentric thrombus & adjacent soft tissue stranding and reactive lymphadenopathy. • 4 cases presented with severe chest pain radiating to abdomen shows hematoma noted adjacent to thoracic aorta. • 24y old woman presented with fever, right loin pain & hypertension. Plain CT shows no significant abnormality. On CT angiography shows abdominal aorta distal to renal vessels shows aneurysm with near complete occlusion by thrombus. • 25y old pregnant woman known case of infective endocarditis came with chest and abdominal pain. CT shows a long segment aortic aneurysm extending from thoracic aorta extending upto abdominal aorta proximal to renal vessels. • All results were correlated with surgical findings. Conclusion: • Misdiagnosis and treatment of aortic aneurysms as low back pain, co-existing connective-tissue disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis are risk factors for aneurysm-related death. Imaging is the modality of choice to diagnose aortic aneurysms for early management & prognosis evaluation. USG & CT are being used. Endovascular repair should be considered as an alternative option to the open repair of aortic aneurysms.

Keywords: Endovascular repair, aorto-enteric fistulas

Edition: Volume 8 Issue 9, September 2019,

Pages: 692 - 694

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