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Research Paper | Economics | Indonesia | Volume 8 Issue 7, July 2019
Role of Social Capital of Parents on Childrens Health
Ni Putu Sintia Dewi | Ida Ayu Nyoman Saskara
Abstract: THE ROLE OF SOCIAL CAPITAL OF PARENTS ON CHILDREN'S HEALTH Issues regarding public health are indicators of population development that are very important in the world population order (Saputra and Nurrizka, 2012). Issues regarding health are very important for the world and are one of the goals of sustainable development (SDGs). One of the goals of this goal is to alleviate poverty and ensure access for the poor and vulnerable, and the entire community, including infants, to get nutritious and enough food throughout the year, targeted in 2030. Children's health in Indonesia is a concern for children is the next generation of the nation. There are several factors that can explain children's health. One interesting factor is the relation of social capital that is owned by the child's family to their health. Research on the relationship between social capital and health has indeed been a heated debate over the past two decades, especially in developing countries. This study wants to find out how the role of social capital on children's health is measured using the child's height and age and weightfor-age. Whereas social capital is measured by maternal participation in community activities. The aim of this research is to explore the role of parents' social capital in children's health in Indonesia. This research was conducted in Indonesia using data from the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) in 2007 and 2014 which was panel data where the analysis technique used was Ordinary Least Square Fixed Effect. Based on the analysis conducted, it was concluded that parents' social capital had no significant effect on the child's height-per-age. This happens even after controlling for other variables that are thought to affect height. The author suspects that this is because height is influenced by other factors such as genetics. However, other estimation results show that parental social capital has a positive and significant effect on the weight per child age. This is also consistent with previous research which found that there is a connection between someone's openness in the social community and the child's weight in the short term due to economic shock.
Keywords: social capital, stunting, health, proverty, fixed effect
Edition: Volume 8 Issue 7, July 2019,
Pages: 644 - 649