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Research Paper | Arts and Humanities | India | Volume 8 Issue 7, July 2019
Financial Inclusion - A Way of Equitable Growth
Abstract: The following paper on “Financial Inclusion-A way of equitable growth” comes under the head of Finance. The objective of Financial Inclusion is to extend financial services to the large hitherto un-served population of the country to unlock its growth potential. In addition, it strives towards a more inclusive growth by making financing available to the poor in particular. Inclusive financing is the delivery of financial services at affordable costs to sections of disadvantaged and low-income segments of society, in contrast to financial exclusion where those services are not available or affordable. It is argued that as banking services are in the nature of public good; the availability of banking and payment services to the entire population without discrimination is the prime objective of financial inclusion public policy. The goals of financial inclusion can be defined as follows: • access at a reasonable cost for all households to a full range of financial services, including savings or deposit services, payment and transfer services, credit and insurance; • sound and safe institutions governed by clear regulation and industry performance standards; • financial and institutional sustainability, to ensure continuity and certainty of investment; andcompetition to ensure choice and affordability for clients Even after60 years of independence, a large section of Indian population still remains unbanked. This malaise has led generation of financial instability and pauperism among the lower income group who do not have access to financial products and services. However, in the recent years the government and Reserve Bank of India has been pushing the concept and idea of financial inclusion. RBI set up the Khan Commission in 2004 to look into financial inclusion and the recommendations of the commission were incorporated into the mid-term review of the policy (2005–06) and urged banks to review their existing practices to align them with the objective of financial inclusion. RBI also exhorted the banks and stressed the need to make available a basic banking 'no frills' account either with 'NIL' or very minimum balances as well as charges that would make such accounts accessible to vast sections of the population. Thus Financial Inclusion paves a way of equitable growth for the poor sections of the society and the Economy as a whole.
Keywords: Prime objective of financial inclusion public policy, Goals, Access at a reasonable cost, Sound and safe Institutions, Financial and institutional sustainability
Edition: Volume 8 Issue 7, July 2019,
Pages: 1665 - 1669