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Research Paper | Botany | India | Volume 8 Issue 5, May 2019
Important Plant Biodiversity of the Southern Part of India
Abstract: In India, Western Ghats is a mountain range that covers an area of 140, 000 km in a stretch of 1, 600 km parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, traverse the States of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight hottest hot-spots of biological diversity in the world. Total 256 plants were identified with different aspects of botanical view. Western Ghats have common, endemic and endangered species of flora and already listed those who were worked in that aspect. This research only cluster samples from various separate 05 places only selected in Tamil Nadu state and finally concluded as; ornamental plants 80 %, invasive plants were 14 % and cultivated 6 % by the tribal community. In the origin of evaluation; lower plants 3 %, gymnosperms were 4 %, Ferns were 5 % and Angiosperms were identified 88 %. In taxonomical aspect; most high no. of trees were 59, herbs were 52, Shrubs were 43 and few of cactus were 7 in numbers out of 256 plants.
Keywords: Western Ghats, Plants, Biodiversity, Tamil Nadu
Edition: Volume 8 Issue 5, May 2019,
Pages: 567 - 571