International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Review Papers | Gynaecology | India | Volume 8 Issue 4, April 2019


An Overview of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Ashwati Nair | Dr. Swati Balakrishnan


Abstract: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a syndrome which affects womens hormone levels. It is also known as Stein-Leventhal syndrome. [1] Nidhi, et al. prospectively studied 460 girls aged 15-18 years from a residential college in Andhra Pradesh, South India. The authors have reported a prevalence of PCOS in 9.13 % of the Indian adolescents. [2] It is estimated that 105 million people suffer this syndrome among 15 to 49 year-old women worldwide. [3] Women with PCOS produce higher-than-normal amounts of male hormone. It is a health problem that affects 1 in 10 women of childbearing age. According to PCOS awareness association, polycystic ovarian syndrome occurs in around 10, 000, 000 people worldwide [4]. PCOS is a disorder of internal abnormal conditions of ovaries.8-15 % of women with procreative age square measure largely affected. PCOS is mainly caused by Genetic imbalances and classified lifestyle changes [5]. There is an emerging need for the diagnosis and early treatment of this disorder as it may lead to infertility and ovarian cancer to the women suffering from PCOS and who has remained undiagnosed. Mainly, it can be treated at the hormonal level by normalizing the elevated hormones which will reduce the signs and symptoms associated and thereby gradually decreasing the severity of the disorder.


Keywords: Polycystic ovarian syndrome, Women, hormone, diagnosis, treatment


Edition: Volume 8 Issue 4, April 2019,


Pages: 538 - 546


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