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Research Paper | Medicine Science | India | Volume 7 Issue 6, June 2018
Morbidity & Mortality Profile of Neonates Admitted in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of District Hospital in Gadchiroli, Maharashtra: A Prospective Observational Study
Dr. Hemant Adikane | Dr. Sandip Zurmure
Abstract: Background Globally, 2.6 (2.5 - 2.8) million newborns died in 2016 i. e. nearly 7, 000 every day. In India, around 25 million babies are born every year. India contributes to one-fifth of global live births and more than a quarter of neonatal deaths. Five countries accounted for half of all newborn deaths including India. NFHS 4 data suggests that neonatal mortality rate (NMR) declined to 30 deaths per 1, 000 live births. Methods Present observational study was conducted at district hospital, Gadchiroli. Study period was 1 April 2016 to 31 March 2018. All the admitted babies to NICU were included into study. Data was collected by interview method using a predesigned, semi-structured questionnaire. Various morbidities and reasons for mortality were included. Results There were total 4068 admission during study period. There was slightly higher admission rate for Males 2251 (55.33 %) than females 1817 (44.67 %). Pre-term admissions were 1627 (40.00 %). Majority of admissions were due to Low birth weight 2387 (58.68 %). Conclusions In the study duration, total 4068 NICU admissions took place. Out of these, 459 (11.28 %) died. Moderate-Severe Birth Asphyxia, Sepsis were accounting for morbidities. The preterm and low birth weight babies had significantly high mortality even with standard intensive care.
Keywords: Gadchiroli, Neonatal morbidity, Neonatal mortality, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Secondary care centre, Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Edition: Volume 7 Issue 6, June 2018,
Pages: 567 - 571