International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Geology | Iraq | Volume 7 Issue 4, April 2018

Sequence Stratigraphy Cenomanian - Early Turonian Cycle and Development of the Reservoir units in Selected Oil Fields, Southeastern Iraq

Aiad Ali Hussien Al-Zaidy | Hussein Shwayel Aoudeh Al Shwaliay

Abstract: Sequence stratigraphic of Cenomanian-early Turonian cycle is composed of (Ahmadi, Rumaila, and Mishrif) formations, which bounded at top and base by unconformities surface. The lithofacies of this cycle in the southern Iraq indicate to a normal lateral change facies from shallow water facies through deeper water and open marine sediments, Ahmadi Formation (early Cenomanian) characterized by open marine sediments during the transgressive conditions, and passes up into deep basinal sediments (Rumaila Formation) by conformably surface. Rumaila Formation (middle Cenomanian) was deposited in the deeper part of the intrashelf basin, and comprises of a mainly basinal sediments, and includes an abundant of open marine fauna supportive of middle Cenomanian age. Rumaila Formation is represented time equivalent basin to the Mishrif Formation, and they deposited during highstand system tract. The Cenomanian-early Turonian cycle can be subdivided into three medium sequences displays coarsening upward cycles (Mishrif A, Mishrif B, and Mishrif C), which comprises of one reservoir pay zone dominated by rudistid packstone to grainstone or rudistid biostrome facies separated by barriers (dense non- porous) units (CR I and CR II). The effective porosity increases toward the rudistid reefal build up and shoal microfacies more than the lagoonal facies. The microfacies analysis of the study wells assisted the recognition of five main environments (open marine, basinal, shallow open marine, Rudist biostrome, and lagoon). The diagenetic processes were affected on that sedimentary cycle by Dolomitization, dissolution, neomorphism, micritization, cementation, and pressure solution. The most effective are dolomitization, neomorphism, and dissolution.

Keywords: Missan oil field, Oil Iraqi fields, south eastern Iraqi oil field

Edition: Volume 7 Issue 4, April 2018,

Pages: 1270 - 1278

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