International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


Downloads: 119 | Views: 157

Review Papers | Nursing | Hong Kong | Volume 7 Issue 1, January 2018


Convergence Insufficiency and Vision Therapy

Ching Yan Simon SZE


Abstract: Convergence insufficiency (CI) is a prevalent binocular vision disorder at near. Study showed a special relationships between symptoms and clinical signs in patient with CI. Even though, pencil push-ups alone is the most commonly prescribed treatment by both ophthalmologists and optometrists for young patients with symptomatic CI, whereas, office-based vision therapy with home training was found to be the most effective treatment in those CI. FMRI studies have shown the clinical implications for understanding the behavioral and neurophysiological changes in patients performed office based vision therapy with home training that resulted in a sustained reduction in CI symptoms. Moreover, study indicated that the concussion-related convergence insufficiency treatment outcome was successful or improved in most of the subjects.


Keywords: Convergence insufficiency CI, Vision therapy, Accommodative insufficiency AI, Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey CISS, binocular vision BV anomalies


Edition: Volume 7 Issue 1, January 2018,


Pages: 1091 - 1103


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