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Research Paper | History | Indonesia | Volume 7 Issue 1, January 2018
Islam and Pancasila in Constituent Assembly: A Historical Review
A. Rasyid Rahman
Abstract: This study discusses Islam and Pancasila in constituents. In constituent assemblies, Islamic political parties have 230 seats, while other individuals 286 seats mean Islamic political parties have 45% of seats, whereas according to the 1950 Constitution, the enactment of the new constitution must support by 2/3 of the constituent members present. Without the support of other political parties, it is impossible for Islamic politicians to promote Islamic ideology as the basis of the state. Then there was an exciting debate about the basic types of countries that will be embraced by Indonesia. At that time there were three initial designs of the state, namely Islam, Pancasila and socioeconomic. But this third draft proposed by the Labor and Murba Party is supported only by a few members so that finally the debate is dominated by the ideology of Islam and Pancasila. This article presented in analytical descriptive by using literature review. Like most historical writings, this paper uses four stages of research. Four stages of this study are a sequential and interrelated part. The research stages are resource collection (heuristic), source critic, interpretation, and histography. The result of the research shows that the primary proposal of Islamic state is supported by 230 votes, Pancasila 273 votes, and socioeconomic 9 votes. In the view of Islam Pancasila is a vague state ideology, so it can be interpreted differently its supporters. The debate on the basis of this country lasted until the last meeting on 12 June 1959 without producing a decision. Before the Assembly completed its task, this constituency was dissolved by President Soekarno by Decree 5 July 1959. Many analysts argue that this voter does not produce anything and is only a forum of political debate. All constituent activities reflect the real spirit of democracy, such as freedom of expression and a fundamental commitment to the constitution. Accordingly, the hypothesis that component event is the pinnacle of Indonesia's efforts to achieve constitutional government. In the debate is described as the culminations of efforts to achieve democracy in Indonesia, the Islamic group will eventually accept Pancasila after secular issuing. However, the compromise has not been made yet the president has issued a decree of 5 July 1959.
Keywords: Pancasila, Islamic state, democracy, and Constitutional
Edition: Volume 7 Issue 1, January 2018,
Pages: 694 - 697