Downloads: 159 | Views: 232
Research Paper | Agricultural Economics | Indonesia | Volume 6 Issue 10, October 2017
Application of Polyclonal Planting System of Cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) By Side Grafting Technology in South Sulawesi-Indonesia
Abstract: Most of the farmers in the Cocoa (Theobroma cacao L. ) production center in South Sulawesi use clonal planting materials to rehabilitate old plants with side grafting techniques. Generally farmers use superior planting materials with high productivity and yield quality, and have resistance to major pests and diseases and to increase cocoa production, the farmers apply polyclonal cacao planting. The aim of this research were to know the implementation and planting effect of cocoa planted in polyclonal. The location of the research was determined by purposive sampling, in Paroto Village, Lilirilau Sub district, Soppeng District. The research data was obtained based on observations and interviews of cocoa farmers about 30 farmers. The results showed that about 70 % of farmers apply biclonal planting system or use 2 clones, about 16.67 % farmers apply polyclonal planting system using 3 clones and about 13.33 % of other farmers using 4 clones. The production obtained from the three planting systems were 767, 11kg / ha, 1009, 44kg / ha and 1698kg /ha, respectively. The cocoa clones used for planting materials were S1, S2, MCC 02 and THR.
Keywords: Cocoa, Side Grafting, Polyclonal
Edition: Volume 6 Issue 10, October 2017,
Pages: 892 - 895