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Research Paper | Environmental Engineering | India | Volume 6 Issue 6, June 2017
An Analysis of Bio-Medical Waste for Bijnor City: Design of Incineration Plant
Abstract: Biomedical waste contains potential health and safety hazards. The purpose of the study is to get background information about bio medical waste handling procedures followed by hospitals in Bijnor district. This study also asses the disposal of generated biomedical wastes and their health risks on our society. The management of hospital waste requires its removal and disposal from the health care establishment s as hygienically and economically as possible by methods that a l l s t ages minimizes the risk to public health and t o Environment. To analyze the present situation analysis of medical waste management systems was performed to understand the various handling and disposal procedures, the knowledge and awareness of individuals involved in medical waste generation, handling and Disposal, and the potential impacts of the waste stream on both human health and the natural environment. The method adapted for present study was literature review and survey method. The data collection was done through questionnaire (data collect ion form), informal interviews and site visits. It was found that a variety of methods were used by the medical facilities to dispose their wastes including burning burial, entombing, selling, dumping, and removal by municipal bins. The waste disposal practice was found to be quite unsafe, and both clinical and non-clinical wastes were found to be thrown together. There was insufficient awareness of the magnitude of the medical wastes issue by concerned individuals at different levels from director or divisional head to waste pickers. There was no safety measure observed in dealing with waste disposal or laboratory analysis of infectious diseases. Medical waste incineration is identified as the most preferred disposal method. It is important to point out that there is a great potential to emit air toxic pollutants from such incinerators if improperly operated and managed. . The results of the study demonstrate that there is a need of strict enforcement of legal provisions and a better environmental management system for the disposal of biomedical waste.
Keywords: bio medical waste, bio medical waste management system, hospital waste, Design of Incineration unit
Edition: Volume 6 Issue 6, June 2017,
Pages: 265 - 273