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Research Paper | Astronomy Science | India | Volume 6 Issue 5, May 2017
Venus Transition: (A Complete Solution with an Otherwise Explanation)
Abstract: Venus transition is an eclipse type astronomical observation which occurs regularly in 121.5 year time interval along with 8 year earlier or later respectively. As it is well know that planets of solar system make revolution around the Sun on its own orbit, therefore in process orbital revolution when earth & Venus come together in front of the Sun in such way that all these three body become collinear then this occurrence takes place. In this situation Venus looks like a black spherical spot and seems to transit the surface of the Sun from one edge to another. This occurrence is called VENUS TRANSITION OR TRANSIT OF VENUS. However the periodic interval this occurrence is very regular 121.5 year but besides the same one time it occurred 8 year earlier and next time 8 year later than 121.5 year too. Which make these data irregular & create complication to search the basic cause behind this However efforts have been taken by several scientists time to time since its 1st occurrence on7th Dec 1631 to 8th occurrence on 5th June 2016 but it could not be able to explain till date. In this research paper a very peculiar effort towards this direction is described in detail keeping overlap formula in center formulated by Copernicus for needles of ordinary watch. Presently known synodic period (584 day) calculated by Copernicus with the help of same formula and made tally the same with observation of maximum elongation period of Venus. And since then maximum elongation and overlap of earth and Venus defined as the same phenomena, but in this research paper this argument is denied, it has been concluded in this paper that maximum elongation and overlap of Venus and earth is quite different phenomena in term of astronomical observation but related each other in natural way. As per available data so far since 7th Dec 1631, 8 year is a common overage period for each pair of occurrence, hence this period is utilized as an overlap period in overlap formula of Copernicus and with some logical and mathematical formulation orbital period of earth and Venus are derived and on the basis of those orbital period, explanation for each occurrence is done step by step. Because the derived orbital period of earth is different than the existing orbital period 365.2422 day, hence an another formulation is done to introduce the phenomena which possibly followed by earth in 365.2422 day called oscillation, as well as the observation of sidereal year is also utilized to explain an another phenomena which earth possibly follow in 365.2422 day called annual rotation, those are seems to require for explanation maximum elongation. This way this research paper is fully capable to explain all most all characteristic feature of Venus transition as a solution of this astronomical puzzle.
Keywords: Venus transition A complete solution with an otherwise explanation
Edition: Volume 6 Issue 5, May 2017,
Pages: 1249 - 1265