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Case Studies | Architecture & Planning | Iran | Volume 6 Issue 5, May 2017
Recommendations for Designing Child Oriented Play Grounds in Open Spaces of the Residential Complexes (Children 5 to 12 Years Old)
Fatemeh Sadat Hasanian Mehr | Amir Ahmad Aminian
Abstract: Open spaces of residential complexes today due to lack of the necessary factors for the children's play needs, are not considered good places for them to interact with each other. Considering the role and importance of playing in the promotion of children's health, it is necessary to revise the design of residential outdoor courtyard. The purpose of this research is to provide solutions in order to make these spaces suitable for children aged 5 to 12 years old. In this study, after extraction of items related to outdoor playgrounds from the study of the theoretical foundations of research and review of previous stydies conducted in this area, the items were classified under three main variables the renovation of the space, social participation and quality of the natural environment, each of them included number of dependent variables. Then by using a questionnaire with 14 closed questions (the main body of the questionnaire), which are in the Likert scale of (very little) to (very high), and three open-ended question filled by parents of children 5 to 12 years, and analysis of 50 drawings by children 5 to 12 years old from the expectations of play grounds, the existence of these variables in open space of residental complexes were examined. The population investigated in this study consist of the parents of children living in 600 dastgah residental complex in mashhad It was choosed because of over 1000 habitants and about 70 precent of it's area was open space and play ground for children. It was recognized that the research tool had a good validity. Also, the reliability value of research was 0.79 using cronbach's alpha. finally by using spss software and with the help of exploratory factor analysis, outdoor play component of the residential complex were classified as the possibility of collective and cooperative activities, children's sensory characteristics, dynamic interaction with the environment, security and diversity of green space and suggestions for the designing open space containing these components in general for all residential and specifically for residential complexes 600 dastgah in Mashhad was introduced.
Keywords: Residential complexes, Children's play grounds, Children between 5 to 12 years old, Open spaces
Edition: Volume 6 Issue 5, May 2017,
Pages: 1346 - 1354