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Research Paper | Social Science | Indonesia | Volume 6 Issue 3, March 2017
Transformation of Balinese Painting Art Creation, A Study of Pure Art
A. A. Gde Bagus Udayana | Anak Agung Rai Kalam | Dw. Md. Pastika | A. A. Gde Ngurah TY
Abstract: Creation transformation of painting art in Bali has developed through series of change and shift in certain period, creation factors become main feature of change, Bali pre-history era, Hindu era (Hindu Bali, Old Bali, Hindu Java), Majapahit influence, then by contact of West. Old Bali era is proposed in form of rerajahan image, geometric image, symbols. Bali painting art creation in contact era and Majapahit influence is found in form of building ornaments, wayang image, Kamasan painting, with unique features, not change, showing identity, showing its Bali, then modern era also showing painter identity caused by creation influence of West painting art by painter Anak Agung Gde Sobrat, Gusti Nyoman Lempad, Ida Bagus Made, Ida Bagus Gelgel, Gusti Deblog, etc. Emerge painting art group Bali Modern-Pithamaha. Art creation after independence day (1945), raised of high education in University, Faculty / Major Sculpture Unud in 1965 in Bali, in 2004 together with STSI is level up to became ISI Denpasar, Bali painting art creation in form of Bali Painting Art Modern-Academic. All scholars both local or international, Bali themes is poured with West high education concepts into personal design. Decade 1970 1980, lived globalization era, with various design from West, naturalism, realism, impressionism, suryalis, kubis, dadais, and revealed creation transformation history screen of new Bali Painting Art, in form of Bali Painting Art Modern-Universal. Research aim of Bali Painting Art Creation Transformation is to identify idea value concepts quality or creation concepts and aesthetic element that develop so identification and quality is valued how development growth in Bali painting art both from its diversity or direction to reach in the future. Research method, taking location spread in all regions in Bali represented by regencies and municipality in Bali, sample size is 90 objects also defined classification 5 (five) Bali painting art form development, spread in entire Bali randomly. Creation classification is differed into 5 (five) work form group is become assessment sample. From 90 (100 %) sample data is obtained result that (1) Old Bali Painting Art as 11 (12, 2 %), (2) Classical-Traditional Bali Painting Art as 16 (17, 8 %), (3) Modern-Pithamaha Bali Painting Art as 23 (25, 6 %), (4) Modern-Academic Bali Painting Art as 27 (30, 0 %), (5) Modern-Universal Bali Painting Art as 13 (14, 4 %). From total spread, seen from Gianyar regency total painting art creation activity is obtained mostly, as 30 (33, 3 %), Denpasar municipality 20 (22, 2 %), Klungkung regency 10 (11, 1 %), Badung and Buleleng regency each 8 (8, 9 %), furthermore Tabanan and Karangasem regency 4 (4, 4 %). From assessment recapitulation spread data 90 sample of Bali painting art creation in 2009 (Research Report, table 5.3.3) is concluded cumulative result as 1576 point (70, 04 %), so assessment result can be said good. With good predicate result means that Bali Painting Art Creation Transformation that developed today is concerned can continue image and identity of its Bali.
Keywords: Transformation, Creation, Painting Art
Edition: Volume 6 Issue 3, March 2017,
Pages: 611 - 618
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