International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

Downloads: 125 | Views: 198

Comparative Studies | Medicine Science | India | Volume 5 Issue 7, July 2016 | Rating: 6.9 / 10

A Comparison of Intranasal Dexmedetomidine and Intranasal Midazolam for Premedication in Children Undergoing Elective Surgeries

Dr. Sobhan Aich | Dr. Charuta Gadkari | Dr. Anjali Bhure | Dr. Ravi Nikhade

Abstract: Relieving pre-operative anxiety is an important concern for anaesthesiologists in case of children and it is a challenging problem. If not managed in a considered and structured fashion, it can lead to distress for the child, parents, and the operating theatre staff involved. Midazolam has been the most widely used sedative agent, with a long history of safety and efficacy. But it has side effects such as restlessness, paradoxical reaction, cognitive impairment, amnesia, and respiratory depression. Paradoxical reactions can result in a restless and agitated child. Dexmedetomidine is a new potent and highly selective -2 adrenoreceptor agonist with sympatholytic, sedative, amnestic, and analgesic properties, which has been described as a useful and safe adjunct in many clinical applications. It provides a unique conscious sedation (patients appear to be asleep, but are readily roused), analgesia, without respiratory depression. In our study children who were premedicated with intranasal Dexmedetomidine ( 1g/kg) were more significantly sedated at the time of parental separation, at mask acceptance as compared to Midazolam (0.2mg/kg), and was comparable at venipuncture.

Keywords: intranasal, dexmedetomidine, premedication, venipuncture, children

Edition: Volume 5 Issue 7, July 2016,

Pages: 1730 - 1737

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