International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Astronomy Science | India | Volume 6 Issue 1, January 2017


On the Anti-Anthropic Principle (AAP): If there is an Anthropic Principle Exists, There Must be an Anti-Anthropic Principle (AAP) Exists Too

Prasenjit Debnath [34]


Abstract: According to the anthropic (from Greek word Anthropos, meaning human) principle, it is a philosophical consideration that the observations of the Universe must have to be compatible with the conscious and sapient life who observes the Universe. Actually, the anthropic principle is kind of a cosmological principle that the theories of the Universe are constraint by the necessity to allow human existence. It explains why the Universe has an age and has some fundamental constants necessary to accommodate conscious and sapient life. Some proponents of the anthropic principles believe that it is unremarkable that the Universe has fundamental constants which exist to fall within the narrow range of thought to be compatible with life on Earth. Anthropic principle has two types- one of them is the strong anthropic principle (SAP) which explains that the anthropic principle holds true for all the cases because the Universe is in some sense compelled to eventually have conscious and sapient life emerge within it. Some critics of SAP argue for weak anthropic principle (WAP) that explains that Universes ostensible fine tuning is the result of selection bias there will be living beings capable of observing and reflecting upon fine tuning of the Universe if and only if the Universe is capable of supporting life. Most often this leads to the concept of Multiverse, there are a statistical population of Universes to select from and from which selection bias (our Universe is the only observable Universe because it is compatible with our life) could occur. But it is very psychological way of putting things together in favor of conscious and sapient life. If it is correct, then the reverse also must be true. According to the anthropic principle, if all universal constraints, fundamental constants are there for existence of human beings, then it must be true that sapient lives are also responsible for the Universe the way it is, in other words, sapient lives are the cause of existence of all universal constraints and fundamental constants of the Universe the way these are if human beings were not there, the Universe would not be that way it is now, implies anti-anthropic principle (AAP). It implies that human beings put controls and impose constraints on the behavior of the Universe to be favorable and observable by them. Human beings might not do that in conscious mind. So, in the conscious mind perspective, the reasoning looks like a joke. Well, joke is a relative word, if you feel this is a joke, then, it is a joke for you. If you feel not, then this is not a joke for you. The same happening can be a joke for one and not joke for the other. According to the Anti-anthropic principle (AAP), human beings put constraints to the Universe either directly or indirectly, either in conscious mind or sub-conscious mind or unconscious mind, how it should behave.


Keywords: Anti-anthropic principle AAP, Strong Anthropic Principle SAP, Weak Anthropic Principle WAP, Conscious and Sapient life, Multiverse Statistical Population


Edition: Volume 6 Issue 1, January 2017,


Pages: 985 - 987


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