International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Astronomy Science | India | Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2016


The Entropy Created the Space Points, Atoms, the Physical Time the Way these are, At Least on Psychological Point of View. The Entropy Can Answer - Why has Our Reasoning Gone So Sadly Astray?

Prasenjit Debnath [34]


Abstract: According to the second law of thermodynamics, the entropy increases with time. If we assume that it is correct, it implies that there was very very special state of equilibrium during the Big Bang where everything was in super balance state and entropy was absolute zero. Since the evidences tell us that there is unidirectional flow of time after Big Bang, the entropy starts its journey just after the Big Bang and ever growing since Big Bang to till date. Since it is 1.4 1010 years now since the Big Bang, the entropy must be a giant by now. The entropy started generating inequality (after Big Bang) to the super equilibrium state of the Universe during the Big Bang. Thus all smoothly evenly equilibrium in the early Universe transformed into coarse-graining regions of local area of isolations. The tiny little local area of isolation formed is the atom where almost all the dealings are done within the atom, all the forces work within the atom and minimum interactions outside the atom. Every atom is almost an isolated local area. The entropy also generated inequality within the atom making protons and neutrons strongly bonded in a tiny space in the center (the nucleus) and almost massless electrons in a vast vacant place outside the nucleus. This inequality in mass put the electrons in motion around the nucleus which we call motion due to strong nuclear force. A good resemblance is like the nucleus is the king of the kingdom (atom) and electrons are the servants. The mighty power the nucleus has its own mass (just like wealth of a king). Motion is nothing but an illusion. The motion is nothing but a strong vibration of massless particles due to the supermassive particle in the center of a local area of isolation. The strong nuclear force is nothing but miniature gravity within the atom. The similarity between the strong nuclear force and the gravity is that both exist due to mass. The massless particles (electron for atom and planets for solar system a comparative study with respect to supermassive center) set in motion around the supermassive center (nucleus for atom and the Sun for solar system). One of the key differences in motion in an atom and in solar system is the difference between overall mass in both systems. The more massive is the thing, the more its momentum for same speed, the better accuracy with dynamical (Newtons law) laws. That is why Black Holes have tends to Infinite mass and tends to zero speed to keep momentum finite (conservation of momentum). The motion of electrons could not be predicted accurately because the state variables of the local area (atom) could not be fully understood till date. Nothing is random, everything is deterministic as past and future are both preserved and protected by the physical time. Past and future are the flipped side of the same coin. Because past is fully unaltered, so is the future. Past is definite for us because we can interact with it to get the information and future is probabilistic because we cannot interact with it to extract information. But it is just psychological limitation only. Nothing has to do with definite or probability for the physical time. Life = the past (definite) +the future (probabilistic) But life itself becomes definite past after death or whatever. Thus life is definite. So is the future. It implies that everything is definite and deterministic such as electron motion, randomness etc. It also condemns the uncertainty principle. Because everything is predefined by the physical time (such as life), well defined by the physical time (such as past), thus no scope is there for probability, uncertainty, and randomness. These might not make sense for psychology but it has nothing to do or rather minimum to do with psychology for the physical time.


Keywords: The physical time, conservation of momentum, smoothly evenly equilibrium, coarse-graining regions of local area of isolation, the second law of thermodynamics


Edition: Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2016,


Pages: 850 - 852


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