International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Zoology | India | Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2016

Obesity: A Risk Factor of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 among Women of Different Religions in an Urban Area of Ajmer

Laxmi Kumari Yadav | Bharti Prakash [4]

Abstract: It has been estimated that India has the second largest number of diabetes in World and the incidence is rising. Women are equally prone to diabetes because of their sedentary activity and increased body weight. This study attempts to examine whether increased body mass index is associated with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 in women of different religions of Ajmer urban area. The study was conducted on 162 newly detected type 2 diabetic females of different religions attending out patients in Department of Biochemistry, JLN Medical Hospital, Ajmer from March2015 to March 2016. Diagnosis of diabetes type 2 were screened from IGT (Impaired Glucose Tolerance) as per WHO criteria. Data tabulated and analyzed by Pearson Correlation coefficient has been used to estimate the relationship of BMI with diabetes mellitus type2. The respondent rate of women was 81 percentage. After calculating the percentage, mean, standard deviation and correlation in different age group, religion and BMI of women suffering with diabetes. . Obesity (BMI) 31.20.48 kg/m2 in women were positively associated with Diabetes Type 2 (r=0.47). The onset age of diabetes is found to be 53.9 9.7 Yrs. Religion wise analysis shows that Sikh were strongly affected with diabetes by both obesity (r=0.92) and age (r=0.70). Jain and Christian were highly associated with obesity (r=0.87) and (r=0.79) respectively. Sindhi were moderately (r=0.42) affected by obesity. Hindu and Muslim were less affected by both obesity (r=0.20) and (r=0.23) respectively. The risk of diabetes is significantly correlated with BMI. The association between incidence of diabetes with age and obesity in various religions, it was found that risk of diabetes increase dramatically with as the age and obesity increases. It was concluded that in women diabetes mellitus type 2 was significantly positively correlated with obesity.

Keywords: Obesity, Body Mass Index BMI, Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 DMT2, Impaired Glucose Tolerance IGT

Edition: Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2016,

Pages: 363 - 366

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