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Research Paper | Medicine Science | India | Volume 5 Issue 10, October 2016
Assessment of the Prevalence of Lifestyle Related Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Diseases and the Effectiveness of Awareness Package on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Healthy Lifestyle Practices for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases among Male Adults in Kengeri Upanagar Urban Community, Bangalore
Samjhana Shrestha | Kala. Suneetha | Shanti Bogati
Abstract: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the major public health problem in India. The study attempts to assess the prevalence of lifestyle related risk factors of cardiovascular diseases and the effectiveness of awareness package on healthy lifestyle practices for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases among male adults in selected urban community, Bangalore. The research approach adopted for the study was quasi experimental one group pre test post test design. Among the total 396 male adults of age group 25-45 years, 26.01 % had high risk, 35.86 % had moderate risk and 38.13 % have low risk of cardiovascular disease. Among the male adults having high risk of cardiovascular disease, 60 samples were selected using simple random sampling technique. Pre-test level of knowledge and attitude was assessed using structured questionnaire and likert scale respectively. After administration of awareness package on healthy lifestyle practices, post-test level of knowledge and attitude was assessed. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The t value (t= 34.87) was computed between mean pre test and post test knowledge scores. Also t value (t=27.14) was computed between mean pre test and post test attitude scores. The results revealed that t value was higher than the table value which shows that it was statistically significant (p<0.05), so the intervention was effective. The obtained correlation coefficient r value was 0.580 which showed there was positive correlation knowledge and practices regarding healthy lifestyle practices for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Thus, the study concluded that awareness package was effective in improving knowledge and attitude regarding healthy lifestyle practices for the prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Keywords: Healthy lifestyle practices, Knowledge, Attitude, Awareness package
Edition: Volume 5 Issue 10, October 2016,
Pages: 1291 - 1293