International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Agricultural Economics | Nigeria | Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2016 | Rating: 6.9 / 10

Analysis of Cost and Returns among Cassava Farmers in Cross River State, Nigeria

Ettah [2] | Otu I | Angba Austine O.

Abstract: The study analyzed the cost and returns among cassava farmers in Cross River State, Nigeria. Survey design was adopted. A three stage (multistage) random sampling technique was used in the selection of 108 respondents from the three agricultural zones of the state. Data for the study were collected from mainly primary sources with the aid of a pre-tested questionnaire which was administered to the respondents by trained enumerators. Gross margin analysis was used to analyse the data collected. The result indicated that the total variable cost (TVC) of cassava farmers was estimated at 1135, 54.99, which represents expenses on cassava cuttings (12.80 %), transportation (4.95), rent on land (8.98 %), cost of labour (48.45 %), fertilizers (7.40 %) pesticides (5.58 %), herbicides (11.85 %). Total revenue and gross margin was estimated at 251424.80 and 137869.81 respectively, during the production period. This result indicates that cassava production is a profitable venture. Cassava (manihot esculenta crantz) is purposefully chosen for this study because it is the most widely cultivated and important crop in Cross River State, Nigeria. One of the staple food crops which has the potentials of putting the country out of the present food quagmire. Cassava is an important source of starch in form of carbohydrate. The crop is processed into garri, fufu, tapioca, akara, etc. while for non-food application, cassava can be used in the manufacture of cassava starch, pellets and chips for animal consumption as well as used for bio-fuel and making of particle boards. The study recommended that farmers should be encouraged to invest in cassava production for its profitability and economic value. Inputs should be made available and at affordable prices especially improved varieties of cassava cuttings and cassava farmers should be encouraged to receive training on proper agronomic practices and usage of inputs also to enhance production.

Keywords: cassava, cost, returns, marginal analysis, farmers

Edition: Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2016,

Pages: 111 - 114

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