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Comparative Studies | Food Science | India | Volume 5 Issue 8, August 2016
Multigrain Healthy Cookies for Diabetes Mellitus
Laveena M Tahilramani | Rupali Sengupta 
Abstract: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder resulting from a defect in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Insulin deficiency in turn leads to chronic hyperglycemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. Recent reports show strikingly high prevalence of diabetes among urban Asian Indians and abdominal obesity and physical inactivity were found as the risk factors associated with diabetes. The dietary intake of water-insoluble and water-soluble fiber was inversely associated with insulin resistance. A low-fat, high-fiber diet promoted weight loss in patients with type 2 diabetes without causing unfavorable alterations in plasma lipids or glycemic control. A High fiber and low fat diet was found to improve the metabolic control in Type II diabetes. Thus Dietary fat and fibre intake are significant predictors of sustained weight reduction and progression to type 2 diabetes. The objective was to modify a product ie traditional cookies which was high in fats and low in fibers into the modified product ie Multigrain Healthy cookies. in order to improve its fat and fiber content. The modified product contains multigrain flours, vegetables, almonds, sesame seeds and functional foods like black pepper, flax seeds. . A sensory evaluation was conducted after the product was modified by using a 5 point rating scale for analyzing the modified product. On comparison it was found that multigrain healthy cookies were low in fats and high in fibers as compared to the traditional cookies which were high in fats and low in fibers and thus can be beneficial for diabetic subjects for better glycemic control.
Keywords: diabetes, metabolic disorder, dietary fiber, low fat diet, functional foods
Edition: Volume 5 Issue 8, August 2016,
Pages: 1360 - 1365