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Research Paper | Statistics | India | Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014
Does Male Out-Migration and Household Structure Matter in Maternal Health Services Utilization in India?
Abstract: Male out-migration leads to modification in the structure of family life and also transforms womens social and economic position. A significant effect of migration on the family is the conjugal separation. The need for assistance with child care also may motivate a restructuring of household composition. Data Source: National Family Health Survey (NFHS) -3 (2005-2006). Objective: The broad objective of the study is to understand the household structure of left behind women and use of maternal health services in the place of origin due to male out-migration. Bivariate analysis shows that who left behind women age group 25 to 44 years mostly, lived in nuclear family. Follow by Place of residence, women education, marital duration and caste religion. Thats why Place of residence, women education, marital duration and caste religion likely in use of all three maternal services in the non-nuclear compared nuclear family. Regression analysis revealed that mostly socio-demographic indicators highly significantly associated with the use of maternal health services. Male out migration and non-nuclear family positively and highly significantly associated with the use of ANC, institutional delivery and PNC. This may be explained on the basis of the fact that the economic status of women in non-nuclear households is better than their counterparts. May be due to a low standard of living, the affordability for health care among women in nuclear households is overshadowed.
Keywords: Male out migration, Left behind, Household structure, Nuclear, Maternal health
Edition: Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014,
Pages: 626 - 633