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Research Paper | Bio Mechanics Engineering | India | Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2014
Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorder on Various Body Segments in Taxi Drivers
Abstract: Introduction: Pain discomfort and loss of function in back; neck and extremities are common among taxi drivers. Work related musculoskeletal disorders affect almost all parts of the body especially the back; neck lower and upper limbs depending upon the physical movement characteristics; and the ergonomics and mechanical design of work task. Objective: To investigate the prevalence of work related musculoskeletal disorder on various body segments. Setting and Participants: 120 drivers were selected for the study who have a driving experience of above 8 hours per day; in urban areas of the Lucknow district of Uttar Pradesh. Methodology: The time taken from the study was one year that is July2013 to may 2014. In the present study; exploratory cum causal research design was used to obtain and analyze the data. For selection of the respondents snow ball sampling technique was adopted. Self made checklist was used to investigate the prevalence of work related musculoskeletal disorder on various body segments such as head and neck area; upper extremity link system; thoracic extremity link system and lower extremity link system. Statistical Analysis: SPSS 20.0 software was used for statistical processing. The levels of musculoskeletal pain in different body segments were also calculated with the help of ANOVA. Results and Discussion: The findings of ANOVA test revealed a highly significant difference between the works related musculoskeletal disorder on various body segments in taxi drivers. Conclusion: From the study; it can be concluded that the work of drivers is highly stressful. Many factors make taxi drivers distinct from other professions in terms of exposure to risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. They have to work in highly uncomfortable conditions like long length of driving; poor design of work place area etc. Key Words: Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorder; body segments; taxi driver; and length of driving.
Keywords: Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorder, body segments, taxi driver, and length of driving
Edition: Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2014,
Pages: 610 - 613