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Research Paper | Environmental Science Studies | Zimbabwe | Volume 3 Issue 3, March 2014
Schistosomiasis an Issue in Flood Prone Area of Dambakurimaward 1, Muzarabani District of Zimbabwe
Abstract: The study focused on community, perception of schistosomiasis during floods. Random sampling was used to select the respondents. A Sample of 100 household was chosen to respond to questionnaires and a focus group interview of the community members was done. The study embraced the entire Dambakurima Ward 1 and its nearest health Centre. Questionnaires, field observation and interview were used, as data collection instruments. The study established that schistosomasis is the most prevalent diseases during floods and other factors like religious beliefs contributed to the spread and effects of the diseases in Dambakurima Ward, as people have high frequent contact with polluted water bodies that harbor the parasites. The study also established that the community were aware of the high prevalence of schistosomiasis problems in the area, but lacked the knowledge on how to control it. Hence in their ignorance, present themselves again to multiple infections after successful treatment. Focus group discussions revealed that 80 % of the respondents linked the high prevalent of schistosomiasis to climate change and there was evidence of uncoordinated approach among the various stakeholders, who try to help these community to reduce parasitism density among the population. Though there is a nearby clinic, access to information and education has been a challenge because of religious reasons. The study recommends total involvement of all stakeholders in the control of the disease. Mass screening of the group should be done followed by treatment. Well structured awareness campaigns should be done before the onset of rain season. The study recommends environmental education which focus on climate change, disease control and understanding of indigenous knowledge discourse like the use of phytolacca dodecandra which is a plant that grows naturally.
Keywords: climate change, floods, perception, schistosomasis, vulnerable
Edition: Volume 3 Issue 3, March 2014,
Pages: 646 - 650