Abstract: The introduction of tea plantation in northern parts of Bengal during colonial rule, a large number of tea garden Coolies (labourers) were brought in the isolated plantation enclaves of Duars from Chotanagpur (Jharkhand), Santhal Pargana and Nepal. One of them Asur (Ashoor)Tribe. This paper tries to understand the History of Origin, Developmentand Society and Culture of Asur tribe from Colonial to post-colonial period. This Study done by the case study on Karilane of Nagrakata Block Jalpaiguri district. Now gradually their emergingsince independence of India, development with tribe identity and impose political influence.This is an unexplored area which try to fill the gap.
Keywords: Culture, Coolies, Labours, Society, Education, Christianity, Asur, Colonial, Tribe