Ahmad Fawad Sediq
Abstract: Political institutions and organizations in today’s world play an essential role in the political processes of countries. In the present age of democracy, it has become a system accepted by most countries in the world, and political parties are considered to be the instruments of democracy and the most important institution influencing political processes. On the other hand, one of the fundamental goals of democracy and democratic systems is to create a responsible, transparent and corruption-free government with a high level of participation imaginable; well, to include the above-mentioned concepts, a basic task that cannot be achieved without systematic and effective political party activity. The close connection between the concepts of a political party, democracy, and good governance makes us believe that political parties are certainly effective in consolidating democratic values, establishing and accelerating the process of good governance. But the extent and quality of this impact vary from one state to another with different factors in mind. Afghanistan is a country that has been experimenting with democracy for years, and it can be said that it has failed so far and that political parties as the most important symbol of democracy have failed to play the role they need to promote democratic beliefs and efficient government.
Keywords: Political parties, Democracy, Good governance, Participation and Corruption