Lt Col Soniya Saklani, Lt Neha Agnihotri, Lt Deepti Yadav, Lt Kanchan Verma, Lt Benazir Alam, Lt Neha
Abstract: Background: CKD is a global health burden with a high economic cost of health system. According to the 2010 Global Burden of Disease study, CKD was ranked 18th in the list of causes of total number of deaths worldwide and it was estimated that 40 million adults suffering from CKD also suffer from anxiety and stress disorders. Method: A descriptive study was undertaken to assess the level of stress and anxiety among patients suffering from CKD.Total 50 patients between age group of 20-80yrs suffering from CKD and undergoing haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis were selected from a tertiary care hospital by non-probability convenient sampling technique. Structured questionnaire including socio demographic data, GHQ-12 and BAI to assess level of stress and anxiety respectively was administered individually to the study subjects. Result: Among 50 respondents 34 % of the patients had evidence of distress & 46 % had severe problem and psychological stress. On the other hand, 46 % of the patients had moderate anxiety & potential cause of concern was present in 26 %. It was also found that majority 11 in the age group of 41-60 yrs had severe problem and psychological stress. Also among 61-80yrs, 9 respondents had severe problem and psychological stress and same number of respondents in the age group of 41-60 yrs suffered from anxiety which had potential cause of concern. 09 respondents with duration of illness 1-3 yrs had severe problem and psychological stress. Respondents with duration of illness between 1-3yrs suffered more from severe anxiety as potential cause of concern. 50 % (4) of respondents undergoing peritoneal dialysis had evidence of distress, and 47.6 % (20) respondents on hemodialysis exhibit severe problem and psychological stress. 25 % (3) respondents on peritoneal dialysis had anxiety of potential cause of concern. 21.42 % (9) respondents on hemodialysis suffered anxiety which is of potential cause of concern.
Keywords: Anxiety, Stress, Peritoneal dialysis, Haemodialysis, General Health Questionnaire-12 GHQ-12, Beck Anxiety Inventory BAI and Betty Neuman System Model