Abstract: Any coastal region contains plant resources having great socio-economical standards which remain uncultivated to most of the people, thus results in obliteration and taking away of coastal floras incessantly. This paper reports the composition and distribution of Coastal floras including a total of over 90 species belonging to 66 Genera and 45 families surveyed using ecological methodology along with direct interviews with ethnic groups adjacent to the dune vegetation, native traditional healers, Ayurvedic practitioners and botanists dealing with medicinal wild plants in selective coastal villages of East Medinipore, West Bengal. These Coastal floras under marvelous anthropogenic heaviness due to hasty purging of sand dunes and its associated vegetation whereas sand dunes acts as natural guard wall at coast line throughout the world and constitutes different types of plants with different habits but moreover all of the plants having stress tolerance capability and more or less soil binding capacity. The sand dune demands immediate attention for conservation as the vegetation is going towards destruction due to the development and other anthropogenic activities along the coastal areas. Such susceptible and functional ecosystems necessitate instantaneous reinstatement, conservation measures and sustainable use of the phytoresources.
Keywords: Coastal Region, conventional understanding, susceptible and functional ecosystems, sustainable use and phytoresource