Abstract: The shift of language occurs when the mother tongue began to be abandoned by the native speakers and collectively to use another language. There are external and internal factors cause a shift in a language, i.e. cultural factors, economics, history, marriage patterns, locality, sustainability and inter-generational transfer. In addition to external factors, sociolinguistic and internal factors such as motivation, language behavior, language attitudes and language skills also contribute to language shift of Ternate. Results of the research shows that the job variable has the highest influence towards TTL shift is 59.32 %, and then followed by bilingual, 44.10 %. Attitude is 40.86 % and level of education, 40.07 %. Meanwhile cultural variable does not significantly effects the shift of TTL.
Keywords: Ternate language, language shift, internal and external factors