Mohamed Yousef, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Carolin Edward, Bushra Ahmed
Abstract: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality worldwide and an important cause of disability, diagnostic procedures, ranging from non-invasive to invasive testing, are valuable diagnostic tools for the cardiovascular system. The purpose of this review study was to summarize the cardiovascular disease (CVD) and tools used for diagnosis and assessment of CVD. We searched electronic databases of the cardiovascular disease (CVD) and tools used for diagnosis and assessment of CVD .This study describes some of the more common pathologic entities in the cardiovascular system , provides a description of diagnostic procedures in evaluation of cardiac disease such as Blood tests and Diagnostic imaging modalities (Plain film, cardiac catheterization, nuclear medicine, echocardiography , computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Radiation Risks. This review provides a description of the various diagnostic imaging techniques for cardiovascular system, although clinical experience remains limited, careful evaluation of safety as well as validation of diagnostic and prognostic value of these techniques in clinical trials is still needed.
Keywords: Cardiovascular disease, CVD, computed tomography, CT, magnetic resonance imaging, MRI, Plain film