Ali A. Shalash
Abstract: More than 16% of the world's population is affected by chronic kidney disease and these people are at the highest risk of developing end-stage renal failure (ESRF). In this paper, the study was to determine the risk factors of ESRF in Alkindy hospital in Baghdad city. Moreover, a hospital-based case-control study (86 cases and 263 controls) was conducted at the Alkindy Hemodialysis Center in Baghdad city for period from 15th January to 22th September, 2019, were included. Control participants were healthy persons without end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who attended Alkindy Hospital as outpatients’ relatives during the study period. Patients were selected purposively who were available at the time of interview. Data was collected on working days at three shifts. These data collected from patients and their relatives in this center after taking informed consent from patients the pre-tested questionnaire was filled up by taking general history, family history, socioeconomic condition and drug history were reviewed. All entered data were analyzed by using SPSS program.in addition that a total of 86 cases and 263 controls were included in this study. In the end, hypertension, presence of urinary stones, and recurrent urinary tract infections were significantly associated with ESRF development. Improving the management of hypertension and designing suitable interventions to control problems of the urinary tract would help reduce ESRD prevalence.
Keywords: Renal failure, end-stage, risk factors, case-control study, Baghdad city, Hemodialysis