Uma Devi Ranjitkar, Bhuwan K. Dangol, Samundra Mahato
Abstract: A healthy newborn is the reflection of healthy nation. Future of a nation depends on health of its newborn and children because todays newborn are adults of tomorrow. A descriptive study was done to find out the neonatal outcome of newborns admitted in Neonatal care Unit (NNU), Tribhuvan University teaching Hospital. A total 110 medical record were reviewed by using consecutive sampling technique. The data was collected from September and October 2019. All collected date were describe in descriptive statistic. Findings shows that majority of neonates were male (62.7 %). Most of neonate admitted on the day of birth (83.6 %). Nearly two third (61.8 %) had normal birth weight. Nearly half (48 %) of them were of term gestational weeks. Nearly half 49.1 % neonate brought from labor room, immediately after birth (73.6 %). Regarding maternal characteristics, 43.6 % of mothers belong to the age group of 25 to 30 years. More than half (54.5 %) babies born spontaneous vaginal delivery. 43.6 % Mother had pregnancy related problem in this pregnancy. Among them 13.6 % had Pregnancy induce hypertension, followed by respiratory problems. Majority (84.5 %) of neonates stay in NNU 1-5 days with mean 3.78days and SD+/-2.8 days. More than 60 % neonate were managing by oxygen therapy by head box and followed by CPAP 10.9 %, antibiotics therapy done for 9 % of them and nearly thirteen percents admitted only for supportive care. Regarding outcome, nearly two third, (61.8 %) were improved and discharged from NNU and 8 % were left against medical advice, and 4.5 % were discharge on parents request.
Keywords: Neonates, Neonatal care unit, neonatal outcome, Tertiary level hospital