M. S. Shyamala Devi, Dr. Gujju Gandhi
Abstract: Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) are a key threat for millions of people worldwide including India, since they act as vectors for devastating pathogens and parasites. My research focus for malaria vector control. Mosquito larvae are usually targeted using organophosphates, insect growth regulators. Indoor residual spraying and insecticide-treated bed nets are also employed. However, these chemicals have negative effects on human health and the environment and induce resistance in a number of vectors. Newer and safer tools have been recently implemented to enhance control of mosquitoes. Here, I focus on some crucial challenges about eco-friendly control of mosquito vectors like Amphibian and Fishes, mainly the improvement of biology methods behavior-based control strategies (sterile insect technique (SIT) and boosted SIT). A number of hot areas that need further research and cooperation among parasitologists, entomologists, and behavioral ecologists are highlighted.
Keywords: Mosquito larvae, Fish, frogs and around water and Prophylaxis