Dr. Mithlesh Bhagat
Abstract: Aim: To evaluate the Oral Hygiene Index (OHI), Periodontal Index, Gingival Index, Serum albumin levels and Assessment of Mucosal Lesion in Nephrotic Syndrome patients Material and methods: A Total number of 20 Nephrotic syndrome patients within the age group of 18-50 years were included in the study. By the means of the documentary method of personally addressed inquiry we obtain essential data regarding the common health status. After selection of case, based on the inclusion & exclusion criteria, the assessment of oral hygiene status, gingival status, mucosal status, serum albumin levels and laboratory blood investigations were performed. Results: Among 20 patients, 50 % (n=10) Patients had poor oral hygiene and 50 % (n=10) patients have fair oral hygiene. Where 60 % (12) patients had mild gingival inflammation and undergoing treatment since last 2 years, and 40 % (8) patients had moderate gingival inflammation and undergoing treatment since last 1 year. And 70 % (14) patients had mild gingivitis and 30 % (6) patients had negative gingival score. Conclusion: The present study showed that untreated Nephrotic Syndrome patients showed poor oral hygiene, where as the patients undergoing early medical treatment showed fair oral hygiene status, therefore early diagnosis and treatment of Nephrotic Syndrome at young age will prevent the further periodontal destruction.
Keywords: Nephrotic syndrome, oral health, gingivitis, periodontal index, gingival index, OHI