Koushik Chavalla, Vikram Vikhe
Abstract: Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and coronary artery disease Share several etiopathogenic factors and increases risk of mortality and morbidity. Coexistence of both diseases is very common and has diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic implications. Study was carried to find incidence and clinical profile of coronary artery disease among COPD Cases. Material and method: Cross sectional study was carried out for duration of two years in medicine department of tertiary care hospital using semi structured pre validated questionnaire and with help of laboratory investigation to confirm diagnosis. Results: Incidence of CAD was 22.3 %. Incidence of CAD was more among elderly with male predominance. Out of 63 cases 53 (84.1 %) cases had positive history of smoking. Mean duration of years of smoking was19.28 4.91 (10 - 27) and incidence increased with years of smoking CAD cases were more among severe (5/17=29.4 %) and Very severe COPD cases (6/11=54.5 %) than mild and moderate one. Conclusion: Incidence of CAD in COPD was more with increasing years of smoking and grades of COPD.
Keywords: CAD, Clinical profile, COPD, Incidence