Ram Chandra Pal, Dr Manjushree Banerjee
Abstract: In India, the Corporate Social Responsibility Act (CSR) encourages companies to spend at least 2 % of their average net profit on philanthropic activities. Solar Domestic Systems (SDS) comprising of 4 light points with a mobile charging point, a portable light, mobile charging provision and a Direct Current (DC) fan were distributed to the un-electrified households near forest areas using the corporate funds. A comparative analysis indicated that the households with only SDS as electricity option spend much lesser for the timely and quality illumination than the electrified households. In addition, the systems sustained for about four years in the institutional model involving the corporate and the community. The intervention resulted in drastic reduction in market Kerosene where the price of the kerosene fluctuates following the rules of demand and supply. A feel of improved quality of life is reported by the users due to better and clean illumination. Increased levels of comforts were reported for students in their studies, women in kitchens and with weaving, and men while moving out during rainy season along with reduced fear of elephant attacks and snake bites/attacks. This paper is based on the primary information and suggests that the CSR funds may be utilized in India to attain 100 % rural electrification, particularly in the households in vicinity of forest areas.
Keywords: Solar Domestic Systems, Clean energy, Kerosene, India