A Zh. Yeskalieva, S. A. Rakhimova
Abstract: The state is an integral and integrating structure of modern society, which concentrates the highest powers, concentrates management mechanisms and carries out activities aimed at regulating social relations. The main task of the state is to ensure the effective functioning of power in the society, as well as the optimal management of social processes, the definition of promising development strategies, the solution of current pressing problems that arise in front of people, taking into account their interests, on the one hand, and available potential resources, on the other. In applied sociological research, mathematical and statistical methods, such as correlation theory, cybernetic modeling, game theory, etc., are mainly used to analyze the actions of the laws of functioning and the development of social systems in the implementation of the labor process. However, these methods only perform the functions of the toolkit in the analysis. Reliable knowledge in the scientific or practical field is always preceded by rational comprehension and evaluation of the factual material delivered by observation.
Keywords: analysis, evaluation, socio-economic systems potential, methods, transformation, processes, state