Deka Dharma Putra, Endang Syamsudin
Abstract: Introduction: Temporomandibular joint dislocation was a displacement of the mandibular condyle which locked in the anterior articular eminence of the temporal bone. This is a rare condition but need to be treated immediately. Objective: To describe management of temporomandibular joint dislocation in a conservative procedure for dentists. Case Report: Three different cases: unilateral anterior, bilateral anterior and unilateral lateral dislocation were reported and treated by mandibular reduction with manual manipulation. Discussion: Dislocation was a severe hypertranslation when condyle was locked in anterior of articular eminence and could not restore by itself. There were various causes regarding this case, such as yawning, laughing and prolong dental treatment. The main theraphy could be done by conservative or surgical procedure. Conservative procedure performed with manual manipulation of mandible, which could be performed on acute, both of unilateral and bilateral dislocation case. In recurrent and chronic cases, surgery was the accurate treatment choice. Conclusion: Management of temporomandibular joint dislocation performed with manual reduction in conservative procedure so it could minimize discomfort and long term morbidity of patient.
Keywords: dislocation, temporomandibular joint, articular eminence, reduction