Muthukkannan N., Ayyappan S.
Abstract: The need for fossil fuels is increasing rapidly whereas the fuel resources are depleting day by day. Therefore, finding an alternative for fossil fuels is of great importance. Ethanol is a low carbon compound and the use is being encouraged in many countries, including India, to reduce the dependence on imported fossil fuels also to reduce the air pollution due to greenhouse gas emissions Agricultural residues especially lignocellulosic biomasses are the suitable choice and it is used for long term feed stock for the Bio-ethanol production due to its low cost and higher availability. It includes all plants and plant derived materials, including agricultural crops and trees, wood and wood residues, municipal residues, and other residue materials. In this project approach a low cost and reliable model is exhibited to produce Bio-ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass to meet the future challenge for fuel.
Keywords: Bio-ethanol, Lignocellulose, biomass, Agriculture residue