Ventricular Septal Defect
Albert Koja, Xhentila Doka
Septal defects ( ASD, VSD, Atrioventricular defects ) account for 35-40 % of the congenital heart defects. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is one of the most common congenital heart lesions. It occurs in almost 50 percent of all patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), with a reported prevalence of 4 per 1000 live births.  There are three main anatomic components of interventricular septum and VSD may occur at various locations in any of the three components ( the septum of AV canal, the muscular septum, the parietal band or distal conal septum).  The aim of the study is to compare datas such as right heart enlargement, pulmonary hyperflow persistence, rhythm disturbances and FS values in pre and post operatory patients. This is a prospective study performed in the General Pediatric Service, the Department of Cardiology for the period 2010-2014. A total of 66 cases were diagnosed with VSD from 2010 to 2014. By comparing all the variables, we conclude that all the estimated parameters (enlargement of right cavities, pulmonary hyperflow, FS contractility) are significantly improved after the intervention.
Keywords: ventricular septal defect, congenital heart disease CHD, pulmonary artery pressure, pulmonary hypertensive vascular disease, enlargement of right cavities, pulmonary hyperflow
Edition: Volume 7 Issue 9, September 2018
Pages: 1375 - 1377