Asmaa M. Jabor, Hassan A. Hussein
Abstract: Objectives The study aims to (1) determine the levels of self-efficacy for substance abuser, (2) find out the association of Self-efficacy and substance re-abuse with some demographic characteristics of substance abusers. Methodology A descriptive correlational study was carried out on a sample of (30) addicts who are admitted at the Psychiatric-Mental Hospitals in Baghdad City. The substance abusers perceived General self-efficacy Scale were its a standardized questionnaire is used to measure self-efficacy among alcohol abusers and drugs addict. Data were analyzed using the descriptive and inferential statistical measures by using the statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 22.0. Results The study results revealed that the level of abusers self-efficacy was high. The mean age in addictions was 35 and its range was 18-60 (46.7 %) of them were married and while other was single 36.7 % and the first used was alcohol. All of them had relapse at least one time. The findings displayed that there is no relationship between relapse and self-efficacy, as well as the relationship between self-efficacy with the occupation was significant. Conclusions This current study found the level of self-efficacy among addicts was high and that there was no significant relationship between relapse and self-efficacy but other related factors was significant. Recommendations The researchers recommended on the important to involve alcohol drinking and the community-based organizations that represent them at every stage of the process of developing government policies and programs to make them responsive to the needs of the community.
Keywords: Self-efficacy, Relapse