Dr Alakananda, Dr Bishnu Prasad Das, Dr Ishaa Goel
Abstract: Background Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a common gynaecological endocrinopathy characterized by chronic anovulation and hyperandrogenism. The disorder is heterogeneous and is one of the most common treatable causes of infertility. Objective To study the various clinical presentations, biochemical and hormonal profile of patients with Polycystic ovarian syndrome in Indian women. Materials and Methods Present study is a crosssectional study carried out over a period of 12 months in department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Gauhati Medical College And Hospital, Guwahati, India. Total of 66 newly diagnosed case of PCOS as per Rotterdam Criteria (2003) were taken. Each patient underwent detailed clinical and anthropometric examination after history taking. Biochemical and hormonal tests and ultrasonography (USG) was also performed. Results and ObservationsOligomenorrhoea was the most common menstrual abnormality among PCOS women present in 92.42 % of study population. Among dermatological findings acne was the most common finding followed by hirsutism. Most of the patients were overweight and central obesity present in most of the cases. Conclusions Our study concluded that oligomenorrhoea was the commonest menstrual irregularity and often the presenting problem of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome in our patient population.
Keywords: Acanthosis nigricans, hirsutism, hyperandrogenemia, Oligomenorrhea, Polycystic ovarian syndrome