Nawras Jameel Areif, Mohammed Fadil Khalifa
Abstract: A descriptive design, using the evaluation approach, is carried out to (1) evaluate the quality of life of adult women with osteoporosis at a radiology institute in the medical city, (2) determine the relationship between these womens quality of life and their social-demographic characteristics of age and socioeconomic status, BMI and gravida, and (3) identify any differences between these womens marital status groups, socioeconomic status groups, and BMI groups in terms of quality of life. A purposive non-probability sample of (200) adult women who were visiting the Radiology Institute in the Medical City Complex in Baghdad City is selected. A study instrument is developed for the purpose of the study which is comprised of two parts, the first part includes participants socio-demographic characteristics, and the second part is concerned with the Quality of Life Questionnaire which includes seven subdomains of pain, activities of daily living, jobs around the house, mobility, leisure, social activities, general health perception, and mental function. Content validity of the instrument is determined through the use of panel of (10) experts and internal consistency reliability through split-half technique and the computation of Cronbach alpha correlation coefficient. Data are collected through the use of the study instrument and the structured interview technique as mean of data collection. Data are analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical data analysis approach of frequencies, percent, mean of scores, and Cronbachs alpha correlation coefficient, and the inferential statistical data analysis approach of One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Fishers exact test. The study results reveal that all osteoporosis-related quality of life subdomains are fair, except for the general health subdomain which is significant. The overall quality of life is significant. There is a statistical significant difference between women in the age group of (49-56) and women in other age groups in terms of quality of life. there is a significant difference between womens menstruation existence groups in terms of their osteoporosis quality of life. Women who still menstruate have a better osteoporosis-related quality of life than women in menopause. There are significant differences among womens gravida groups in terms of their osteoporosis quality of life. The study concludes that age has the main influence on womens osteoporosis quality of life. and the subdomains of overall pain, jobs around the house, mobility, leisure, social activities, and the general health are at approximately non-significant level (cause complaints and discomfort to these women). Only the ADLs is above the average (does not cause complaint and discomfort). The overall quality of life is significantly unsatisfying. The study recommends that it is essential to conduct future research that outreach the community at large, and to initiate health education that help in enabling women who are in different stages of adulthood to acquire skills necessary to manage and overcome complaints related to osteoporosis quality of life domains.
Keywords: Quality of Life, Osteoporosis, Adult Women