Maysaa Kadhim Al-Malkey, Istabraq A. Beram, Alyaa W. Saadi
Abstract: Objective The incidence of infectious diseases among hospitalized children remains high. This study describes the environmental health indicator diseases and differences between gender and age of the affected children. Patients & Methods A review of hospitalization and death causes among children admitted to the Child Teaching Hospital for Pediatrics in Baghdad, Iraq was performed. Medical records of children admitted throughout three years period were collected for demographics data and statistical analysis using Chi-square test. Results A total of 4, 272 admissions and 309 deaths were recorded. Infectious diseases remain the primary cause of hospitalization among children and frequently lead to death, which recorded (56 %) followed by acute respiratory diseases (35.5 %). Conclusion Health interventional programs such as integrated management of childhood illnesses and primary health care system as well as intensification of immunization programs would most likely lead to minimize the incidence of infectious diseases in children.
Keywords: Incidence, Infectious diseases, Hospitalized children