Ashendra Kumar Goduhan, Ashok Y. Kshirsagar, Tukaram B. Zagade
Abstract: A one group pre-test post-test pre experimental approach was adopted to evaluate the A study to determine the effectiveness of basic life support training on life saving skills among college students in selected colleges at Jaipur for degree students.Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is one of the most evolving areas of saving actions that improve the survival rates following cardiac arrest and educating to college students can play a dynamic role in case of emergency situations in the society. The study was therefore undertaken to find out the knowledge and skills of undergraduate college students after training on BLS. AIM of the study-To improve knowledge & skills among college students about basic life support and to improve the survival rates following cardiac arrest. Objectives of the Study 1. To observe the pre & post training Intervention skills on basic life support for life saving among college students. 2. To determine the association between knowledge & skills with selected demographic variables. Material & methods- A study was conducted on 1500 student participants studying in selected colleges of Jaipur, to fulfill the appropriately calculated minimum sample size of 1454.The study period from October 2011 to Sept. 2016. The research hypothesis was stated as H1 The mean post-test knowledge & skill score of the college students will be significantly higher than the mean pre-test knowledge & skill score regarding training on BLS. In view of the nature of the problem and to accomplish objectives of the study an observation checklist to evaluate the skill concerning Basic Life support training of the degree students to evaluate the effectiveness of skills. The content validity of the tool and training schedule was established in consultation with the guide and experts in the field of Nursing, Medicine and Education. Reliability (r = 0.88) of the tool was tested by split half technique and Karlpearson Co-efficient correlation formula. Further effectiveness of training programme was tested by inferential statistics using pairedt test. The difference between pre-test and post-test knowledge scores of Degree students on BLS technique was found to be very highly significant.The overall findings of the study reveal that there is significant increase in the knowledge of Degree students regarding BLS training. The training was found to be an effective strategy in increasing the knowledge & Skills of Degree students regarding BLS Training. Results Total 1500 the participants were grouped in three categories according to their skills scores in to poor, good and excellent scores obtained in pre-training- observation and post training-observation. Initially there were 1259 (83.9 %) in the poor category, who all improved after training as seen in the post training observation results showing only 32 (2.1 %) persons in poor category. There was not a single student in the excellent category of score before intervention which increased to 665 (44.3 %) in excellent category of skills. However, It was revealed that knowledge scores before training for participants received prior information through mass media (p=0.048) were more than participants not received any information. Also skills scores before training for participants who received prior information through mass media (p=0.002) were more than participants who not received any information and skills scores after training. This meant that information level has impact on knowledge and skills scores.Item wise increase in the skills of the students revealed that, all the participants skills are improved after training intervention, mostly all the students performed correctly in all the areas of CPR technique after intervention, whereas before 25 % students called for help while assessing the client, whereas 98.87 % subjects kept the heel of the hand in contact with victims chest correctly after training, while 0nly 1 % participants before and after training 98.13 % students continued to maintain the head tilt maneuver. Interpretation & Conclusion- The investigator concluded that the training on BLS was good method of conveying information by demonstration. Therefore planned teaching and demonstration is logical solution for improving knowledge & skills about CPR in cases of emergency life saving skills in the particular group of the society.
Keywords: Training, knowledge, Skills, college students, BLS & CPR