Ahmed Adnan Abdulrasool Khazaali, Qays Ahmed Al-Khafaji, Hiba Mohsin Farhan
Abstract: Within the male genital tract, various anatomical structures contribute to the formation of seminal fluid. These include the testes (testicles), epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, and prostate gland. The formation and maturation of spermatozoa, known as spermatogenesis and spermiogenesis, are rather intricate developmental process. In spermatogenesis, sperm cells undergo a series of changes, which result in the formation of mature motile spermatozoa. In addition, biochemical substances are secreted. These substances provide a nutrient environment for spermatozoa and as a means for transporting sperm cells. In performing semen analysis, various factors can impact the validity of the test results and can occur during the pre-analytic and analytic phases. To prevent erroneous results, it is imperative to have at a minimum: 1. Properly obtained semen sample. 2. Use of standardized test procedures. 3. Staff proficient in the interpretation of multiple semen analysis test parameters. The main objective of this educational activity is to provide the reader with an overview of semen analysis.
Keywords: Semen analysis, male genital tract, spermatogenesis,